Disability is a complex, dynamic, contested and multidimensional Issue. It is a part of the human condition. Almost each and everyone has to be tested impairedness temporarily or permanantly at some points of life. Not even that in general an old man or woman who survive to old age who experiences the difficulties in their functionary of normal life.
BBS report 2011 shows there are 1.4% of total population are the victims of Disability. According to WHO and World Bank, 15% of total population of the world is disabled, mostly living in the developing countries (09 June 2011, World Report on Disability by WHO and WB). In Bangladesh almost 50% PwDs are women and children with disability; their required issues are not holistically considered as reality. But till PwDs can’t avail their rights properly and are considered as burden in the family, society and the country. PwDs have little participation in social activities/public events, due to widespread lack of knowledge about the ability of the PwDs. Still the PwDs are being measured with their degree of impairment, not with their talents. Lack of limited access to services such as: Health Service, Social Justice, Education, Employment and Economic sectors as a result, the PwDs to be excluded from their social life and they remain ‘invisible’ in the society.
Bangladesh made visible progress in different aspects but still there are some fields where progress has not been happened properly. People with disability (PwD) is one of the less progressive group. They are not enabled to participate equally in education, employment, training, work, recreation or other social activities. We admit that women and girls with disabilities often have fewer opportunities than male/ boys. Mainstreaming is a result of the combined efforts for people with disabilities, their families and communities, where services for people with disabilities are to be strengthened and their rights should be honored which will be reflected in the mainstream of the society where the presence of the person with disability will be visible and they will avail appropriate health, education and social services.
Goal of this initiative:
Person with disability no more different than other people in the community. They are equally capable to participate in any action if proper environment is given.
- To maximize the empowerment of people with disabilities
- To ensure the accessibility of the people who have disabilities to the services
- To sensitize the duty bearers of Govt. and non govt. service providers as well as Local Elected Bodies
Project under this Program:
- Promotion of rights and dignity of the people with disabilities (PRDPD) supported by MJF
- PHRPBD through Disability Inclusion supported by CBM through CDD
Major Indicators of mainstreaming of PwDs:
- Generally the children with disabilities are going to schools
- Peoples with disabilities are going here and there to fulfill their daily needs
- Peoples with disabilities are participating the social, political and cultural events
Compliance with SDG
Promotion of rights and dignity of the people with disabilities (PRDPD) Project:
In August 2013 SARPV started Promotion of Rights and Dignity of Person with Disability (PRDPD) Project supported by MJF to ensure the economic development and establish their rights including accessibility of PwDs in the public and private services.
Geographical Coverage of the Project
- Cox’s bazar is a disaster prone area. In 2015, due to the continuation of rainfall as well as the tidal wave of the Bay of Bengal the area over flooded and inundation 3 times from the second half of June to August ’15. As a result, the mass people including People with Disabilities of the area became badly natural disaster affected and vulnerable. They lost their wealth, crops, cattle, poultry, shelter, earning sources even some lives. The conditions of persons with disabilities were very bad due to their shelter and livelihoods context
- Due to the natural disaster the mass people of the Cox’s bazar district couldn’t back their normal lives for six months of the year; the communication systems were almost collapsed in the area. As a result, mass people including People with Disabilities faced different types of sufferings. In this respect, we could not organize some events timely and the realization rate is below of seed money than that of target
- Non-friendly Infrastructures and communications related barriers for Person with Disability
- Transfer of sensitized duty bearers of govt. bodies as well as local govt. Institutions
- Lack of training on inclusive education among the school teachers as a result, they don’t play their responsibilities accordingly for the children with special needs
- Local level combined planning with the respective stakeholders are more effective
- After any disaster the action oriented support is more sustainable than that of relief oriented support
- After any disaster, It is very hard to turn the Person with Disabilities as well as mass people from relief oriented to action oriented tendency
- It is essential to develop free action oriented inclusive planning and strong coordination in between the GO-NGO to build the inclusive society
- Effective education support for parents and guardians is essential to develop the children with special needs
- Generally the PwDs are the most vulnerable groups in the societal context; their survival issues are the most important as well as prioritized; rights concerns are less important to them
- Need based, supportive and qualitative works spread out the reputation of implementing as well as donor organization among the Professionals, LEB, Govt. bodies and even mass people rather than routine wise quantitative activities
- Sensitization of duty bearers either Government and local govt. bodies, civil society etc. can uphold to address the issues of disability as well as marginalized community
- Institute based disability friendly focal person nomination is an effective issue to address the rights of the person with disability
Story: 4 SARPV is the sunlight in the lives of Person with Disabilities of Chakaria- Haleda
We were in dark, SARPV pulls us in the sunlight and shows the light in our vulnerable lives, said Haleda a visual impaired abandoned woman of Chakaria Upazilla. Haleda Begam (43) was the only daughter of Ahammad Ali and Amena Begam of Ward no. 5 of Chakaria, Pourasava. When she was only 3 years of age she became the victim of visual impairment by one boy of her neighboring house who hit her right eye. Her poor parents tried best for her medical treatment but fail to recovery. It is the starting point of her wretched life. Even her parents used to neglect her. Not only that they dis-continued her education. They tried best for her marry in her tender age and arranged her marriage with Azizur Rahman of Vewola Union of same Upazila. Her conjugal life didn’t last long. After the birth of two daughters her husband left away from their residence. It is the new tragedy in her life. She took shelter in her poor paternal house with two kids.
In 2009 SARPV enlisted her as a member of the primary group “Protigga” due to her disability and she became the president of the group among 16 PwDs. It is the turning point of her life. She was very active member of the group and she tried to unite the entire persons with disabilities to promote their rights through this initiative. She used to organize the group works and began to collect savings with strong eagerness. She attended the different types of human development as well as skill development training courses provided by PRDPD Project of SARPV supported by MJF for her capacity and skill development. In 2014 she organized the Cooperative of the Disabled People (CDP) in Chakaria poura area with some PwDs for ensuring their livelihood rights.
Now only she is the only earning member of her family which consists of five members. She is operating a small business in her residential area. PRDPD Project provided her interest free loan 20,000/= taka as seed money for her small trades after the training and she became successful in her business. She sells two types of goods; one is traditional snacks and another is vegetables. From the benefits of business she is managing her parents’ treatment, daily needs as well as educational expenses of her two daughters. She responded that SARPV cared not only for their livelihoods and rights but also their children’s study. She admitted boldly that she became successful for the inspiration of SARPV. She seeks the dignity in the society for all PwDs as human beings. During her hardship she continued her daughter’s study. Her elder daughter Jeni Akter passed Dakhil (SSC level) in 2015 and younger daughter is the student of class eight. Gradually Haleda bought the household furniture and daily needs for them. She cited that this year their bedstead saves them from the continuous flood. Jeni is also helps her mother by earning monthly 1000/= taka by private tuition after passing her SSC examination. Haleda hopes for her daughter’s higher education for their enlightenment in the society.